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孔子铜像厂家-孔子的教育思想是怎样的

发布时间:2019-03-25点击量:9

在奴隶社会只有贵族子弟才能享受文化教育,孔子认为这样太不公平,他认为每个人都有接受文化教育的权利。孔子创办私学,学生有贵族子弟,也有平民,据说他的学生有3000人,其中最优秀的有72人。孔子讲学的地方,有庭院、有卧室、有讲堂、有郊外,有时在旅途中的马车上就讲起学问来。他和学生们一起生活,勤勤恳恳地教育学生,得到学生的尊敬。

In slave society, only noble children can enjoy cultural education. Confucius thought it was unfair. He believed that everyone had the right to receive cultural education. Confucius founded a private school with aristocratic and civilian students. It is said that there are 3000 students, of whom 72 are the best. In places where Confucius taught, there were courtyards, bedrooms, lectures, and suburbs. Sometimes in the carriages on the journey, he began to talk about learning. He lives with his students, educates them diligently and earnestly, and is respected by them.

 

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孔子的教育思想非常丰富。他教育学生,只有通过艰苦的学习才能学到知识。他说“我非生而知之者”,意思是连我这个老师也不是刚出生就有学问的人。他要求学生学习要有老老实实的态度,“知之为知之,不知为不知”,就是说不要不懂装懂。他提倡“学而时习之”、“温故而知新”,意思是反复温习以前学的知识,才能获得新知识。他还用“三人行,必有我师”这个比喻,教育学生要虚心向别人学习。

Confucius'educational thought is very rich. He teaches students that only through hard study can they learn knowledge. He said, "I am not born to know," meaning that even my teacher was not born with knowledge. He asks students to be honest in their study. "Know what you know, don't know what you don't know", that is to say, don't pretend to understand. He advocated "learning from time to time and learning from time to time" and "learning from the past to know the new", which meant that only by reviewing the previous knowledge repeatedly, can we acquire new knowledge. He also used the metaphor of "three people, there must be my teacher" to teach students to learn from others modestly.

 

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在教学方法上,孔子提出了“因材施教”的主张,根据每个学生的不同特点、不同水平,采用不同的教学方法。孔子的这些教育思想和教学方法记载在《论语》一书中,这些可贵的教育方法,对今天的教学还有一定的意义。孔子重视学问,但是看不起生产劳动,他反对学生耕田种菜,认为这些事是没有出息的,这是很不对的。

In teaching methods, Confucius put forward the idea of "teaching students according to their aptitude", according to the different characteristics and levels of each student, using different teaching methods. Confucius'educational thoughts and methods are recorded in The Analects of Confucius. These valuable educational methods are of great significance to today's teaching.Confucius attached great importance to learning, but despised productive labor. He opposed students cultivating fields and vegetables. He thought these things were not promising, which was very wrong.

 

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孔子死后一百多年,孟子继承了他的思想和学说。孟子也像孔子一样,从事教育、广收学生,周游各个国家。后世把他们合称“孔孟”。孔子和孟子的儒家思想,后来在封建社会被统治阶级利用,成为维护封建制度和统治人民的精神工具,并成为封建社会的正统思想,孔子因此也成为封建时代的大圣人,受到人们的崇拜。所以现在的孔子铜像厂家众多,可以铸造各种孔子铜像,欢迎来中正铜工艺品定做孔子铜像。

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